Robotized gas flux measurements at lysimeter station Fendt

Ecosystem Matter Fluxes

The work focuses on the detailed analyses and quantification of water, C and N states and fluxes in natural, semi-natural and agricultural ecosystems being sensitive to changes in climate, land use and management. Special emphasis is given to observation of environmental parameters, biogeochemical process rates and cross-compartment fluxes of e.g. C and N trace gases (CO2, CH4, NH3, N2, N2O, NO) and nitrate. Comprehensive datasets allow better understanding and documenting of global change effects on biogeochemical nutrient cycling in the terrestrial biosphere and exchange processes with adjacent compartments of the atmosphere and hydrosphere. The activities comprise the establishment and operation of long-term measuring stations (e.g. TERENO) and project based field sites as well as laboratory process studies applying state of the art measuring techniques and stable isotope approaches. Datasets are used for further development and testing of biogeochemical models such as LandscapeDNDC.

Head of Research Group

Portrait of Ralf Kiese

PD Dr. Ralf Kiese

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Selected publications

Butterbach-Bahl, K.; Gettel, G.; Kiese, R.; Fuchs, K.; Werner, C.; Rahimi, J.; Barthel, M.; Merbold, L.
Livestock enclosures in drylands of Sub-Saharan Africa are overlooked hotspots of NO emissions
2020. Nature Communications, 11 (1), Art.-Nr.: 4644. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-18359-yFull textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Calvo-Rodriguez, S.; Kiese, R.; Sánchez-Azofeifa, G. A.
Seasonality and Budgets of Soil Greenhouse Gas Emissions From a Tropical Dry Forest Successional Gradient in Costa Rica
2020. Journal of geophysical research / Biogeosciences, 125 (9). doi:10.1029/2020JG005647
Flechard, C. R.; Ibrom, A.; Skiba, U. M.; De Vries, W.; Van Oijen, M.; Cameron, D. R.; DIse, N. B.; Korhonen, J. F. J.; Buchmann, N.; Legout, A.; Simpson, D.; Sanz, M. J.; Aubinet, M.; Loustau, D.; Montagnani, L.; Neirynck, J.; Janssens, I. A.; Pihlatie, M.; Kiese, R.; Siemens, J.; Francez, A.-J.; Augustin, J.; Varlagin, A.; Olejnik, J.; Juszczak, R.; Aurela, M.; Berveiller, D.; Chojnicki, B. H.; Dämmgen, U.; Delpierre, N.; Djuricic, V.; Drewer, J.; Dufrêne, E.; Eugster, W.; Fauvel, Y.; Fowler, D.; Frumau, A.; Granier, A.; Gross, P.; Hamon, Y.; Helfter, C.; Hensen, A.; Horvath, L.; Kitzler, B.; Kruijt, B.; Kutsch, W. L.; Lobo-Do-Vale, R.; Lohila, A.; Longdoz, B.; Marek, M. V.; Matteucci, G.; Mitosinkova, M.; Moreaux, V.; Neftel, A.; Ourcival, J.-M.; Pilegaard, K.; Pita, G.; Sanz, F.; Schjoerring, J. K.; Sebastià, M.-T.; Sim Tang, Y.; Uggerud, H.; Urbaniak, M.; Van DIjk, N.; Vesala, T.; Vidic, S.; Vincke, C.; Weidinger, T.; Zechmeister-Boltenstern, S.; Butterbach-Bahl, K.; Nemitz, E.; Sutton, M. A.
Carbon-nitrogen interactions in European forests and semi-natural vegetation - Part 1: Fluxes and budgets of carbon, nitrogen and greenhouse gases from ecosystem monitoring and modelling
2020. Biogeosciences, 17 (6), 1583–1620. doi:10.5194/bg-17-1583-2020Full textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Dirnböck, T.; Kraus, D.; Grote, R.; Klatt, S.; Kobler, J.; Schindlbacher, A.; Seidl, R.; Thom, D.; Kiese, R.
Substantial understory contribution to the C sink of a European temperate mountain forest landscape
2020. Landscape ecology, 35 (2), 483–499. doi:10.1007/s10980-019-00960-2Full textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Fu, J.; Gasche, R.; Wang, N.; Lu, H.; Butterbach-Bahl, K.; Kiese, R.
Dissolved organic carbon leaching from montane grasslands under contrasting climate, soil and management conditions
2019. Biogeochemistry, 145 (1-2), 47–61. doi:10.1007/s10533-019-00589-y
Wang, N.; Quesada, B.; Xia, L.; Butterbach-Bahl, K.; Goodale, C. L.; Kiese, R.
Effects of climate warming on carbon fluxes in grasslands - A global meta‐analysis
2019. Global change biology, 25 (5), 1839–1851. doi:10.1111/gcb.14603
Peters, M. K.; Hemp, A.; Appelhans, T.; Becker, J. N.; Behler, C.; Classen, A.; Detsch, F.; Ensslin, A.; Ferger, S. W.; Frederiksen, S. B.; Gebert, F.; Gerschlauer, F.; Gütlein, A.; Helbig-Bonitz, M.; Hemp, C.; Kindeketa, W. J.; Kühnel, A.; Mayr, A. V.; Mwangomo, E.; Ngereza, C.; Njovu, H. K.; Otte, I.; Pabst, H.; Renner, M.; Röder, J.; Rutten, G.; Schellenberger Costa, D.; Sierra-Cornejo, N.; Vollstädt, M. G. R.; Dulle, H. I.; Eardley, C. D.; Howell, K. M.; Keller, A.; Peters, R. S.; Ssymank, A.; Kakengi, V.; Zhang, J.; Bogner, C.; Böhning-Gaese, K.; Brandl, R.; Hertel, D.; Huwe, B.; Kiese, R.; Kleyer, M.; Kuzyakov, Y.; Nauss, T.; Schleuning, M.; Tschapka, M.; Fischer, M.; Steffan-Dewenter, I.
Climate–land-use interactions shape tropical mountain biodiversity and ecosystem functions
2019. Nature <London>, 568 (7750), 88–92. doi:10.1038/s41586-019-1048-z
Medinets, S.; Gasche, R.; Kiese, R.; Rennenberg, H.; Butterbach-Bahl, K.
Seasonal dynamics and profiles of soil NO concentrations in a temperate forest
2019. Plant and soil, 445, 335–348. doi:10.1007/s11104-019-04305-5
Zistl-Schlingmann, M.; Feng, J.; Kiese, R.; Stephan, R.; Zuazo, P.; Willibald, G.; Wang, C.; Butterbach-Bahl, K.; Dannenmann, M.
Dinitrogen emissions: an overlooked key component of the N balance of montane grasslands
2019. Biogeochemistry, 143 (1), 15–30. doi:10.1007/s10533-019-00547-8Full textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Janz, B.; Weller, S.; Kraus, D.; Racela, H. S.; Wassmann, R.; Butterbach-Bahl, K.; Kiese, R.
Greenhouse gas footprint of diversifying rice cropping systems: Impacts of water regime and organic amendments
2019. Agriculture, ecosystems & environment, 270-271, 41–54. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2018.10.011
Xia, L.; Lam, S. K.; Wolf, B.; Kiese, R.; Chen, D.; Butterbach-Bahl, K.
Trade-offs between soil carbon sequestration and reactive nitrogen losses under straw return in global agroecosystems
2018. Global change biology, 24 (12), 5919–5932. doi:10.1111/gcb.14466
Gütlein, A.; Gerschlauer, F.; Kikoti, I.; Kiese, R.
Impacts of climate and land use on N2O and CH4 fluxes from tropical ecosystems in the Mt. Kilimanjaro region, Tanzania
2018. Global change biology, 24 (3), 1239–1255. doi:10.1111/gcb.13944
Dirnböck, T.; Foldal, C.; Djukic, I.; Kobler, J.; Haas, E.; Kiese, R.; Kitzler, B.
Historic nitrogen deposition determines future climate change effects on nitrogen retention in temperate forests
2017. Climatic change, 144 (2), 221–235. doi:10.1007/s10584-017-2024-yFull textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Fu, J.; Gasche, R.; Wang, N.; Lu, H.; Butterbach-Bahl, K.; Kiese, R.
Impacts of climate and management on water balance and nitrogen leaching from montane grassland soils of S-Germany
2017. Environmental pollution, 229, 119–131. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2017.05.071
Medinets, S.; Gasche, R.; Skiba, U.; Schindlbacher, A.; Kiese, R.; Butterbach-Bahl, K.
Cold season soil NO fluxes from a temperate forest : Drivers and contribution to annual budgets
2016. Environmental research letters, 11 (11), 114012. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/11/114012Full textFull text of the publication as PDF document
Remy, E.; Gasche, R.; Kiese, R.; Wuyts, K.; Verheyen, K.; Boeckx, P.
Edge effects on N2O, NO and CH4 fluxes in two temperate forests
2016. The science of the total environment, 575, 1150–1155. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.09.196
Gerschlauer, F.; Dannenmann, M.; Kühnel, A.; Meier, R.; Kolar, A.; Butterbach-Bahl, K.; Kiese, R.
Gross Nitrogen Turnover of Natural and Managed Tropical Ecosystems at Mt. Kilimanjaro, Tanzania
2016. Ecosystems, 19 (7), 1271–1288. doi:10.1007/s10021-016-0001-3
Kim, Y.; Seo, Y.; Kraus, D.; Klatt, S.; Haas, E.; Tenhunen, J.; Kiese, R.
Estimation and mitigation of N₂O emission and nitrate leaching from intensive crip cultivation in the Haean catchment, South Korea
2015. The science of the total environment, 529, 40–53. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.04.098